In a latest sign that the industry expects travel demand to continue rising, several U.S. airlines have recently resumed hiring pilots or plan to this year.
Before the COVID-19 pandemic hit, airlines were preparing for a wave of cockpit crew retirements, which are federally mandated when pilots reach age 65. CNBC reported that at American Airlines, for example, more than 7,200 of the airline’s more than 15,000 cockpit crew are set to turn 65 over the next decade. But last year’s plunge in travel forced them to cut labour costs, which included offering early retirement packages the cockpit crew.
As travel demand returns, airlines are shifting their focus back toward hiring again. Pilot training can be time-consuming and costly and so airlines plan years in advance, generally so they can have enough flying crew to handle peak summer travel seasons ahead.
CNBC reported that United last week told staff it plans to resume hiring, starting with some 300 pilots that had a new-hire date or conditional job offer when COVID-19 derailed those plans last year.
It also said it plans to start training the first class at its flight school this year, with the aim of training 5,000 flying crew of the 10,000 it expects to need over the next decade.
JetBlue Airways, meanwhile, is said to have addressed 200 candidates who were interviewing with the New York airline in 2019 and 2020 that the carrier is taking steps to begin hiring new cockpit crew later this year.
Pilot Training Resumed
Budget carrier Spirit Airlines resumed training 24 new pilots last month and plans to train a similar number in April, a spokesman said. Another ultra-low cost airline, Allegiant Air, on Tuesday said it plans to open a new base in Austin, Texas, and will “immediately begin hiring cockpit crew, flight attendants, mechanics and ground personnel to support the operations.”
American Airlines-owned regional carrier PSA Airlines has opened up its hiring to external candidates. “Hiring needs are due to natural attrition and greater utilisation of our fleet of CRJ 700 and CRJ 900 aircraft this year,” a spokeswoman was quoted saying by the news report.
American Airlines Bookings Up
Demand for air travel, the news report indicated had improved since the depths of the pandemic a year ago. United Airlines CEO Scott Kirby last week said domestic leisure demand has almost completely recovered, while American Airlines said net bookings the week ended March 26 were off just 10% compared with the same period of 2019.
Airlines are generally reluctant to furlough flying crew because their training takes so long, and they instead turned to voluntary separation, temporary leave or early retirement programs. But carriers also received three rounds of government aid totally $54 billion that prohibited involuntary job cuts, the first round of which came at the start of the pandemic.
Airline crew ranks are based on seniority and cuts would start with the most junior members. Airline executives contended that the aid allows them to be better prepared to capitalize on a recovery.
CNBC quoted Helane Becker, an airline analyst at Cowen & Co., who said travel demand bounced back faster and more vigorously than expected. If they hadn’t kept those employees, airlines “would have been very ill prepared and the recovery would have taken longer,” Ms. Becker said.
Without the aid early on, airlines would have likely furloughed a lot of junior flying crew before the coming wave of retirements of their most experienced ones.
For some carriers, the recent recovery in air travel demand has meant a change in plans. Delta Air Lines said it had about 100 cancellations on Easter Sunday due to staffing shortages, a problem it faced over Thanksgiving.
Delta Briefly Removed Capacity
Delta said it briefly removed capacity limits on some flights to accommodate travellers, a step it didn’t plan on taking until next month. Some pilots were asked if they could pick up last-minute shifts over the weekend.
Delta earlier this year said it plans to call all its pilots back to active status. Earlier this month, the airline said it would allow cockpit crew to bid on new positions, some moving up to captain or changing aircraft.
Delta expects to close the bidding “with approximately 350 unbid positions, creating opportunities for future hiring,” Bob Schmelzer, Delta’s director of crew resources planning, analytics and reporting, wrote in an April 1 staff memo.
Southwest Airlines, meanwhile, on April 1 called back 209 flying crew from extended leaves to meet the rise in demand. They will return to active status on June 1 after completing requalification training.