A widely misunderstood product in our regular skin care routine is the “Sunscreen.” Wearing sunscreen is not considered as an important part of skin care by many people, men and women both alike do not feel they necessarily need to apply a sunscreen.
It is in fact the only saviour we have to save us from the harmful effects of radiation, from UVA and UVB rays of the sun. When our skin is exposed to the ultra violet rays from the sun it causes skin ageing, darkspots, tanning and hyperpigmentation. The UVA rays cause early wrinkling and ageing and the UVB rays are responsible for the skin to burn. Skin exposure to ultra violet radiation causes skin damage, and the radiation reaches you even if you are indoors. Sunscreen deactivates UVA and UVB radiation thus working as a barrier on the skin against these harmful rays.
Many people get confused on when to apply the sunscreen during their daily skin care routine. Sunscreen always comes after the moisturiser and not before. Moisturiser if applied after the sunscreen will dilute its affect. After the cleansing and toning is done apply the moisturiser and give it approximately a minute to sink into the skin.Then apply the sunscreen and you can now be sure that your skin is well protected from radiation. If you are going to be out in the sun for prolonged hours it is off course important to wear sun shades and probably carry an umbrella too.
There are times when you need to re-apply the sunscreen to give your skin protection from radiation for longer hours. This is where the SPF or the sun protective factor of the sunscreen plays its role, so it is vital to check the SPF of the sunscreen before buying. The type of sunscreen you buy is totally determined by your skin type. Dry skin needs a thick creamy sunscreen whereas a gel or water based formulation will work best for an oily skin and is perfect with its light weight, non sticky texture.
You can choose between a sunscreen and a sunblock. Sunblock is much thicker in consistency and as the name suggests actually blocks the UVA and UVB rays whereas the sunscreen contains chemicals that absorb UV rays before getting absorbed by the skin. Another product that works really well against these harmful rays is the broad spectrum sunscreen or sunblock.
Spending too much time in the sun for your skin to tan is not a great idea, but wearing sunscreen and then stepping out will prevent damage to the skin against photoaging and skin cancer. By applying sunscreen regularly you can cut this risk to a large extent and you can wash it off in the night allowing your skin to breathe.
The higher the SPF factor the lesser the penetration of the rays onto your skin. SPF factor means the amount of time your skin will remain safe from radiation. Technically the SPF number on the tube means how many hours your skin stays safe from radiation. If your unprotected skin starts to get slightly red in about 10 to 15 minutes then with a sunscreen of SPF 20 the skin gets its protection for almost 200 minutes, for eg. an SPF 50 or 60 allows lesser percentage of ultra violet rays to penetrate through to the skin whereas an SPF 20 to 30 would allow more rays to filter through.
Unprotected skin will allow harmful rays from the sun to cause premature ageing and sun burn so try and make application of sunscreen or sunblock an everyday habit especially when you are out in the sun a lot, while swimming or any other outdoor activities.
Your anti wrinkle creams will work even better if your skin has a shield of sunscreen over it, thus preventing loss of elasticity in the dermal layers of the skin. Put yourself in a win win situation and save your skin from radiation with these tips, at the same time get all the Vitamin D from the sun which we all know is so very useful and healthy for our body.